Friday, December 31, 2010
huish tajuk kemain yek
sejak akhir -akhir ni dapat berworkout sehari rasa sangat heaven
seronok bila dapat layan perasaan atas treadmill
25 minit berlenjan peluh atas ni sambil memikir mcm2 esspecially pasal keja langsung x rasa letih naik je start pikir sedar2 dah bunyi setting aik dah siap 25 minit huhuhu seronok rase
mungkin ni cara baru nk tenangkan perasaan selain tdo cm dulu
mula- mula janggal gila tp dah lm2 rindu klu x jumpa mesin ni
alah bisa tegal biasa heheh
dulu asal ada prob je tdo xpon menangis
tp skang dok melayan perasaan atas menda alah ni jadi tenang lak
hilang segala tension
segala yang berkecamuk dalam kepala jadi tenang ja
Tuesday, December 28, 2010
1) Mendengar muzik yang mengasyikkannakan membuatkan kamu berasa kenyang.
2) Elakkan makan berlebihan meskipun masih banyak hidangan yang menggoda.
3) Kajian yang dilakukan oleh University of Switzerland membuktikan bahawa minum secawan teh hijau akan dapat meningkatkan jumlah kalori yang dibakar.
4) Fokuskan apa yang sedang kamu buat. Elakkan menonton atau menbaca sambil makan.
5) Luangkan masa untuk berehat dan berjalan-jalan selama 20 minit di luar rumah. Sinar matahari yang memancar membantu mengendalikan nafsu makan.
6) Gosok gigi selepas makan, dengan cara ini akan mematahkan nafsu kamu untuk makan sekali lagi.
7) Renung makanan yang terhidang di dalam pinggan. Fikirkan adakah wajar untuk kamu habiskan ke semua makanan yang ada di depan mata?
8) Elakkan dari meletakkan sebarang makanan di bilik tidur.
9) Jangan terlalu keras untuk berdiet. Kasihanilah diri sendiri dan yakinlah, lama kelamaan kamu akan kurus dan langsing walaupun terpaksa mengambil masa yang lama.
wee hoo turun lagi walaupon idokla sebanyak mana nilai 400gm 2 tp seronok la penurunan yang mcm ni konsisten hahahha sikit - sikit lama lama jadi kurus heheheh
sebab niat utama saya join SNTN ni nak sihat n mendapat tahap kesihatan yang optimum sebab kalau nak ikutkan BMI normal tahap atas pagar kalau tersasar sikit lagi jadinya overweight kalau boleh nightmare ni janganlah berlaku lagi segalany sukar nak dibuat lagipon muak dah dipandang serong ngan orang kesian kita yang berlebihan berat ni kan sentiasa dipandang rendah
teori 2x5lebih kurang mcm ni maksudnya
bersenam selama 25 minit sehari selama 5 hari jadinya selama tempoh itu walaupun sekejap kita tetap membakar kalori sekurang-kurangnya 300kcl walaupon rutin yang kita lakukan itu hanya berjalan pantas tanpa henti selama 25 minit setiap pagi atau petang caranya mudah bukan dan dalam masa yang sama berat yang diimpikan tetap turun walaupun rutin yang dilaksanakan sekejap tetapi kerap.tetapi apa yang perlu diingatkan pemakanan seimbang harus diambil kira kalau bersenam bagai nak rak tapi pemakanan seimbang tolak ketepi tak ada nilai juga
teori 5x2 bererti
bersenam selama 5 jam tetapi hanya dibuat untuk 2 hari sahaja kalau dilihat macam banyak tapi baki 5 hari yang berbaki dibiarkan berlalu tanpa bersenam dan langsung tidak menjaga pemakanan seimbang jadi nilai kalori yang dibakar selama 5 jam itu hanyalah sia -sia. mungkin berlaku penurunan berat badan akan tetapi jika nak dibandingkan dengan 2x5 mungkin hanya 10% sahaja pengurangan.
jadi kepada mereka yang ingin menurunkan berat badan fikir-fikirkan apa yang terbaik untuk diri dan kesihatan anda
Wednesday, December 22, 2010
malam yang rajin nak masuk lebih pada 1 entri huahuahua
dalam sesibuk pagi ahad yang patutnya aku bercuti dengan aman disusuli dengan kejadian tak terduga dalam sibuk2 dengan bonda tercinta nak urus itu dan ini
tertiba terserempak lak dengan pesta orkid saya ni penggemar orkid so sanggup u turn semata mata nak p tgk kot ada yang berkenan di jiwa humang aihh sangat awesome walau pon x semewah pesta okid antarabangsa ataupon sama meriah dengan pameran okid kat maha itu hari ni dah kira ok la ada juga species yang belom dilihat
gambor berat yang bahagia saya berjaya turunkan 1 kg huuu suka walaupun x sama sam sis am yang dah berjaya turun almost 10 kg tp alhamadulillah la turun juga walaupun pada minggu2 awal naik sekilo lebih ko makan serbuk penaik ke yang naik sampai cam 2 ghupe
hehheh jawapannye dinner after 8pm n bercampor dengan sindrom setiap bulan ia wajib hadir so jadi la berat 1..1kg
Tuesday, December 14, 2010
bz tahap apa ko ni hah??????
tp mmg bz dgn modem bt hal, bercuti bagai, mmg x sempat lgsg la
tapi secara jujur aku mmg x mkn nasi langsung
klu kak eni nk masuk dalam list masuk la klu x nk pon xpe redho la
nak update menu pon cam xde slera dah sedih tgk dalam chart x tersenarai lgsg tp x black list pon
wahai kak eni tlg la updatekan status saya sama ada masih dalam game @ x dah senang x berkecamuk memendam rasa konfius
menu hari ni
telur n roti sajork dari pg smpai ptg+ air '0'
dah la berat naik sengaja je letak pic terbalik ahaks..
berat yang berjaya dihimpun adalah 61.9kg ough sangat banyak k
ya minggu timbang dan akhirnya beratku naik 1.1 kg
frustnya rasa orang lain berat kurang saya berat naik
punca mkm mlm terlajak time
kepada peserta SNTN please do remember jgn dinner after 8 klu nk kalah cepat hahaha
masa cuti seminggu alhamdulillah nasi berjaya dielakkan dengan 1001 alasan
cuma yang x best walaupon berjaya elak amik nasi tp x berjaya elak dinner before 8pm
makan mlm lewat semedang roti, biskut kek tp suma after 8pm
akhirnya apa yang saya dapat berat kemungkinan naik
Sunday, November 28, 2010
Hari ni nak cite pasal Say No To rice Contest anjuran akakkak zel ada adv >kak eni pasal Say No To Nasi Contest so join la
fee pun murah je n dapat buddy kurus bersama2 heheheh
boleh ke ko kurus yang penting berusaha
menang kalah lain cite tapi
apa yang penting kengkawan maya ni la yang akan bagi semangat sesama sendiri untuk
masing -masing berjuang menguruskan badan n compete again each other
Friday, November 26, 2010
Khasiat Air Liur Basi Air liur basi berkhasiat cerna sistem tubuh manusia
Air liur basi yang diminum bersama air biasa ketika bangun awal pagi
adalah penawar semula jadi paling mujarab dalam membentuk kesihatan seseorang insan.
Air liur basi yang dipandang jijik menyimpan khasiat
khusus bagi mencerna sistem dalam tubuh manusia..
Keberkesanan air liur basi bagaimanapun hanya untuk keperluan tubuh
badan individu itu sendiri dan bukan untuk dikongsi dengan orang
lain. Cara amalannya pula hanya berkesan jika seseorang itu bangun dari
tidur dengan terus meminum air putih biasa tanpa perlu mencuci muka,
berkumur-kumur atau membersihkan badan.
Sistem rawatan tersebut telah menjadi amalan Rasulullah S.A..W dalam kehidupan harian baginda dan telah dikesan kemujarabannya oleh pakar sains perubatan moden
Nabi Muhammad semasa hayatnya akan meneguk air putih biasa terlebih dahulu sebelum
baginda bersugi dan berwuduk menunaikan solat subuh setiap pagi
Malah fungsi sumber semula jadi pada diri seseorang termasuk air liur
basi turut disebut dalam al-Quran serta hadis-hadis Nabi.
Ya Allah, bukakanlah ke atas kami hikmatMu
dan limpahilah ke atas kami khazanah rahmatMu,
wahai Tuhan Yang Maha Pemurah lagi Maha Penyayang..
Wahai Tuhanku, tambahkanlah ilmuku dan luaskanlah kefahamanku.
Wahai Tuhanku, lapangkanlah dadaku dan mudahkanlah urusanku
hari ni saya ke hospital Sultanah Bahiyah Alor Star dengan tujuan nak menziarah kawan seofis
sakit kurang garam dalam tubuh....
katanya keturunan mungkin juga.... nnt saya update apa punca
apa cite ngan kisah malu ini...
saya paking kawasan belakang hospital
agak jauh dari kawasan paking awam yang biasa
kononnya 2 in 1
1-bersenam dengan cara jalan kaki
2- x berasak-asak sangat paking kawasan yang jauh dari tempat paking awam
so selepas paking berjalan ke kawasan wad nak dijadikan cerita terserempak dua aso nak cari wad juga
kawasan belakang agak sunyi dan banyak lorong so
aso: mana mau p wad a adik
saya: kebetulan saya pun nak p wad juga
aso: wa u pandai a selalu datang ke
saya: takla saya pun baru juga ni nak p cari wad la jom la p sama
aso: ayo i igt lu tau
saya: tak tau
aso : kitaorang p ikut cari sendiri la
say : hehehe (muka dah merah) xpe sayacari jalan saya
blah dari situ dengan harapan sampai wad nant jangan jumpa itu aso heheheh
p/s:jangan memandai klu x tau....
Sunday, October 24, 2010
rajin ye selang sehari dapat habiskan sebuah buku
hahha skang je rajin kekadang 1 pun setahun nk habis
ni novel lama dedulu masa zaman awal remaja penah baca dah
best kisah anak kampung yang cacat n penuh rahsia
hidup senang dalam suasana desa
tetapi dipingir oleh orang kampung kerana cacat
bapanya mati dibunuh
punca pembunuhan adalah kerna harta
bersaudara bersama fakir dan kadir
keduanya mempunyai peel yang pelbagai
pelbagai ranjau dilalui
akhirnya jibam bahagia walaupun ending agak tergantung
overall dalah novel yang best
gambar nanti ue update
Friday, October 22, 2010
tetapi saya agak "sibuk" menelaah
macam zaman study dulu lak tapi ni lain sikit
buku pun cam lain nipis sangat 1 malam pun oleh habis baca
sehari sebuah buku
macam kempen mari membaca lak ehem
buku yang saya berjaya habiskan hari ini
keluaran mustread sdn bhd
" BONGKAR MISTERI TARIKH LAHIR ANDA"
tulisan Rozzani Din
apa yang menarik tentang buku ini adalah cara penyampaiannya yang bersahaja seolah - olah penulis sedang berborak dengan anda samalah seperti anda membaca buku tulisan H.M Tuah Iskandar sangat bersahaja
dalam buku ni tarkh lahir kira dikira bukan berdasarkan tilikan tetapi kajian metafizik apa kebenda ni menurut penulis
"sains metafizik kaedah yang menjelaskan realiti kajian disekeliling kita yang berlaku diluar
keadaan fizikal yang nyata. mempunyai hubung kait dengan sesuatu bersifat mistik dan paranormal. bukannya bersifat kepercayaan atau sifat kekal mutlak.bertujuan mencari pola kitaran sesuatu kelakuan dan peristiwa"
kaedah peniraan yang mudah hanya tambah sahaja nanti saya tunjukkan gambarnya ya camera rosak buat masa ni
ada kod ada yang mewakili diri kita dan kod jutawan
pada sesiapa yang tidak percaya tak mengapa tp ini hanya kiraan saja
ok picture review akan diupdate dalam masa terdekat
Wednesday, October 20, 2010
xda entry duka duka
cuma entry biasa tentang 2010 2010
buat pertama kali dalam sejarah aku bekerja di company ......
aku sakit belakang
tak tau apa punca
bos cakap duduk banyak
setau aku hari ni berjalan banyak
berjalan mcm biasa etapi terikut nafsu syaitan lak
makan carbo terlebih sayur kurang
***azam saya pada kali ni entry diet, info kesihatan, dengan LEBIH BANYAK
***rajin singgah blog orang lain
nak buat the other part of myself yang jahat ini
Tuesday, October 19, 2010
tapi apakan daya hanya termapu setakat itu
tapi tak bermakna
aku hadir tanpa tujuan
ikhlasku tidak di perbuatan
namun ada di hati
adakalanya seperti tidak enteng
tetapi aku prihati dalam diam
tetap melihat perilakumu
membantu terdaya apa mahumu
bukan diriku sahaja
ada insan lain juga sepertiku
tapi hanya dipandang bilamana dirimu susah
akan tetapi insan itu menjerek rasa keranamu
walaupun kamu bahagia tanpa dia
tetapi dia bersedih atas sifatmu
bukan menuduh atas sikapmu
tetapi bilamana muncul bintang baru
kejora lama masih bersinar
walaupun cahayanya tidak seindah dulu tetapi ia masih cantik
Monday, October 18, 2010
kadangkala kita dikatakan angin bila disoal perkara yang tidak munasabah
tetapi itu adakalanya menyentuh hati seseorang
marah x wujud kalau ada sikap "in your shoes"
cuba bayangkan jika anda ditempat saya
kenapa saya selalu naik angin
tetapi ramai yang tidak ambil peduli
apabila dikata sombong dan tidak peduli mereka akan hamun mengatakan ego malah angkuh
cuba selami walaupun tidak perlu hati ke hati
tetapi gunakan mata hati untuk melihat
apa yang ada di hati seseorang itu
saya bukan penulis sajak
tetapi saya ada hati yang ingin dihormati
saya menghormati kamu seadanya
akan tetapi mengapa saya tidak diiktiraf
siapa saya pada kamu
saya juga hamba ALLAH
saya juga ada perasaan
saya ada hati
saya ada pendirian
segala yang buruk yang jahat semua dari saya
sebaik mana saya sumbangkan saya tetap busuk
seikhlas mana saya hulurkan jasa
saya tetap dihina
adalah saya ditakdirkan untuk begini
atau ini hanya ujian dari-NYA
kalau ini ujian
bila ia akan berakhir
kalau ini musibah
mengapa belum selesai
kenapa bahagia saya belum muncul
tiada apa yang saya mahukan
berilah lorong hidup saya sedikit sinar
Friday, October 15, 2010
ini pun ihsan google sendiri punya habis sebelum sempat dsnap gambarnya
Tiramisu bt si pemalas
nama yang sedap lagi nikmat bila dimasuk dalam mulut
tp nk membuatny pada si pemalas sangat hazab tp punya la terasa nikmat sedap
dari compleks resepi yang berterabur di internet let me present to you all tiramisu mudah lagi sedap
250g cream cheese (ai guna brand Philadelphia)
1 pek Forno Bonomi Ladyfingers aku guna yg 12 pcs je (alternatif sebuku kek x kisah apa perasa n brand)
150g yogurt (ai pakai nestle plain 2 bekas = 280g)
1 pek oreo (pek small perasa vanilla)(ramas sampai hancur)
1/2 tin nescafe mocha
1/2 cawan gula castor (kurang lagi baik)
1. susun sesuka hati korang lady finger dalam bekas (ai susun sebaris ladyfinger sebaris oreo) sampai penuh lapisan bawah
2.tuang kan sebahagian kecil mocha
3.beat togather cream cheese yogurt n sebahagian kecil lagi nescafe, dan gula castor (pukul sehingga adunan nampak seperti aiskrim)
4. tuangkan adunan atas lapisan 1 dan ulangi langkah ni sampai habis
5. untuk lebih rasa sedap lapisan kedua akhir taburkan oreo
6.lapisan akhir tuang baki aunan n sapu rata
7. sejukkan dalam peti sejuk dua tiga jam
8. potong dan hidangkan
ni la rupa nya pek Forno Bonomi Ladyfingers
gambar ihsan google
Thursday, October 14, 2010
adakalnya bawa ceria bahagia pada si pencinta
adakalanya berduka tanpa bicara
ada cerita ada rahsia
sang malalm melihat dek kesayuan
pujaan si pemuja
dambaan sang pujangga
impian rindu si jampuk
merenung tanpa pasti
cahaya pada si tua
pemuja pada pemudi
hilang tanpa seri ada tidak dihati
Saturday, August 21, 2010
dulu blog ni aku masukkan info dari tenet ....huhu dengan muka x bersalah amik orng len punya artikel untuk post kt blog sendirik ... sungguh kurang asam...
Friday, July 2, 2010
Little Health Mistakes
Regular Health Mistakes
All of us make little health mistakes that cause damage to our bodies in the long run - simply because we are unaware we are doing something wrong. Here are some of the most common mistakes made by many of us.
Crossing our Legs
Do you cross your legs at your knees when sitting? Although we may believe that this is the lady-like elegant way to sit, sitting this way cuts down circulation to your legs. If you don't want varicose veins to mar the beauty of your legs and compromise your health, uncross your legs every time you realize you have one knee on top of the other. The best way to sit is to simply place both legs together on the floor, balancing your weight equally. If you feel like changing position, instead of crossing your legs, simply move both legs together to one side. As an alternative, you could also consider crossing your legs loosely at the ankles. This is a classically elegant way to sit, and is far better for your legs and your health than sitting with your legs crossed at your knees.
How often do you change your toothbrush? Most of us wait until most of the bristles have either fallen off, or are in such bad shape that we'd be embarrassed to pull out our brush in public. However, since not many of us need to pull out our brush in public, we carry on with our frayed one until we lose it. Replace your toothbrush often. Damaged bristles can harm the enamel, and don't massage your gums well. If you find a pain like I do, but know you must do it, you might as well be doing it right. Imagine going through the annoyance of brushing your teeth twice a day only to find out that you're damaging your enamel every time you clean your teeth. Also, use a brush with soft bristles unless your dentist has advised otherwise.
Never, ever skip breakfast. Remember, when you wake up in the morning it's been around 10-12 hours since your last meal. Your body needs food now, more than at any other time. Eat a heavy breakfast. You will then be busy through the day, and the calories will get expended quickly. If you are trying to diet, eat a light dinner. Here are some more common health mistakes we make. Being informed and making a few changes can help make us feel a whole lot better.
High heels sure look great, but they're murder for your back. This however doesn't mean you should steer clear of stilettos. Wear them, but not when you know you will be walking around a lot. Wear them when going out for lunch or dinner - when the only walking you will be doing is to your car, to the table, and back. Avoid high heels when you are going somewhere on foot. If you are constantly tempted to wear your heels, take a good look at your flats. Is there something about them you dislike? Invest in a new pair of beautiful flats or shoes with a low heel. Buy something you love, that you will enjoy wearing. If possible, get a matching bag. You will then enjoy your flats as much as you do your heels.
Sleeping on a Soft Bed
You don't have to sleep on the floor be kind to your back, but do make sure you have a firm mattress. Although a mattress on springs is soft and lovely to sink into, it's bad for your back. If you already have an old bed with springs, you don't need to invest in a new one - simply get a thick wooden plank put over the springs, and place the mattress on the plank. Similarly, if your mattress is old and lumpy, throw it out and get a new one. Your neck and your back will thank you. The same rule applies to sofas. If you will be spending hours on a sofa, get a firm yet comfortable one. Sofas you completely sink into are not the best idea.
No matter how comfortable sleeping with ten cushions is, have pity on your neck and resist. Sleep with one pillow, and make sure it is not too thick. If your pillow gets lumpy, discard it and go for a new one. Get a thin pillow if you sleep on your stomach, and something a little thicker if you sleep on your back, to give your neck adequate support.
So all of us know we should exercise more, but many of us don't. This is a health mistake we consciously make! And why is that? Simply because we refuse to admit the damage we are causing to our bodies by not working out.. A number of people only start working out once they've experienced a warning signal. Don't wait for a heart attack to strike before you decide to opt for a lifestyle change. Make the change now. You don't need to train for the marathon to be in top shape. Half an hour of brisk walking three to four times a week will make a world of difference to your health. You could then increase this to forty minutes, four times a week - and you're all set. If you haven't exercised for a week, you're making a mistake.
"LiFe Is ShOrT,
MaKe It SwEeT"
Thursday, July 1, 2010
Wednesday, June 30, 2010
If you are a budding photographer who is looking for talent in photography,
Then you should probably try Portrait Photography.
In this kind of photography you will need to be a peoples person, interacting
Well with people. The reason for this, is that when you are taking portraits
Of people you want to do a good job so as to please your clientele.
More often if your portrait is comfortable and calm then it makes the
Photograph more memorable.
Are Whole Eggs or Egg Whites Better for You?
by Mike Geary, Certified Nutrition Specialist, Certified Personal Trainer
whole eggs are a perfect food
I was on a weekend trip with some friends recently and one of my friends was cooking breakfast for the whole group. I went over to see what he was cooking and saw he was getting ready to make a big batch of eggs.
Well, to my shock and horror, I noticed that he was cracking the eggs open and screening the egg whites into a bowl and throwing out the egg yolks. I asked him why the heck he was throwing out the egg yolks, and he replied something like this...
"because I thought the egg yolks were terrible for you...that's where all the nasty fat and cholesterol is".
And I replied, "you mean that's where all the nutrition is!"
This is a perfect example of how confused most people are about nutrition. In a world full of misinformation, somehow most people now mistakenly think that the egg yolk is the worst part of the egg, when in fact, the YOLK IS THE HEALTHIEST PART OF THE EGG !
By throwing out the yolk and only eating egg whites, you're essentially throwing out the most nutrient dense, antioxidant-rich, vitamin and mineral loaded portion of the egg. The yolks contain so many B-vitamins, trace minerals, vitamin A, folate, choline, lutein, and other powerful nutrients... it's not even worth trying to list them all.
In fact, the egg whites are almost devoid of nutrition compared to the yolks.
Even the protein in egg whites isn't as powerful without the yolks to balance out the amino acid profile and make the protein more bio-available. Not to even mention that the egg yolks from free range chickens are loaded with omega-3 fatty acids.
Yolks contain more than 90% of the calcium, iron, phosphorus, zinc, thiamin, B6, folate, and B12, and panthothenic acid of the egg. In addition, the yolks contain ALL of the fat soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K in the egg, as well as ALL of the essential fatty acids.
And now the common objection I get all the time when I say that the yolks are the most nutritious part of the egg...
"But I heard that whole eggs will skyrocket my cholesterol through the roof"
No, this is FALSE!
First of all, when you eat a food that contains a high amount of dietary cholesterol such as eggs, your body down-regulates it's internal production of cholesterol to balance things out.
On the other hand, if you don't eat enough cholesterol, your body simply produces more since cholesterol has tons of important functions in the body.
And here's where it gets even more interesting...
There are indications that eating whole eggs actually raises your good HDL cholesterol to a higher degree than LDL cholesterol, thereby improving your overall cholesterol ratio and blood chemistry.
And 3rd... high cholesterol is NOT a disease! Heart disease is a disease...but high cholesterol is NOT. Cholesterol is actually a VERY important substance in your body and has vitally important functions... it is DEAD WRONG to try to "lower your cholesterol" just because of pharmaceutical companies propaganda that everyone on the planet should be on statin drugs.
You can read the following article about why trying to attack cholesterol is a mistake, and what the REAL deadly risk factors actually are... Cholesterol Myths
In addition, the yolks contain the antioxidant lutein as well as other antioxidants which can help protect you from inflammation within your body (the REAL culprit in heart disease, not dietary cholesterol!), giving yet another reason why the yolks are actually GOOD for you, and not detrimental.
To help bring even more proof that whole eggs are better for you than egg whites, I recently read a University of Connecticut study that showed that a group of men in the study that ate 3 eggs per day for 12 weeks while on a reduced carb, higher fat diet increased their HDL good cholesterol by 20%, while their LDL bad cholesterol stayed the same during the study. However, the group that ate egg substitutes (egg whites) saw no change in either and did not see the improvement in good cholesterol (remember that higher HDL levels are associated with lower risk of heart disease) that the whole egg eaters did.
So I hope we've established that whole eggs are not some evil food that will wreck your body... instead whole eggs are FAR superior to egg whites.
Also, your normal supermarket eggs coming from mass factory farming just don't compare nutritionally with organic free range eggs from healthy chickens that are allowed to roam freely and eat a more natural diet. Your typical cheap grocery store eggs will have lower nutrient levels and a higher omega-6 level and lower omega-3 level. On the other hand, the cage-free organic eggs from healthier chickens allowed to eat more natural feed and roam freely will have much higher vitamin and mineral levels and a more balanced healthier omega-3 to omega-6 fatty acid ratio.
I recently compared eggs I bought at the grocery store with a batch of eggs I got at a farm stand where the chickens were free roaming and healthy.
Most people don't realize that there's a major difference because they've never bought real eggs from healthy chickens... The eggs from the grocery store had pale yellow yolks and thin weak shells. On the other hand, the healthier free range eggs from the local farm had strong thick shells and deep orange colored yolks indicating much higher nutrition levels and carotenoids... and just a healthier egg in general.
So next time a health or fitness professional tells you that egg whites are superior, you can quietly ignore their advice knowing that you understand the REAL deal about egg yolks.
And can we all please STOP with this sillyness about eating an omelete with 4-5 egg whites and only 1 egg yolk... If you want real taste and real health benefits, we'd all be better off eating ALL of our eggs with the yolks.
Another interesting thing about eggs...
I read a study recently that compared groups of people that ate egg breakfasts vs groups of people that ate cereal or bagel based breakfasts. The results of the study showed that the egg eaters lost or maintained a healthier bodyweight, while the cereal/bagel eaters gained weight.
It was hypothesized that the egg eaters actually ate less calories during the remainder of the day because their appetite was more satisfied compared to the cereal/bagel eaters who would have been more prone to wild blood sugar swings and food cravings.
Tuesday, June 22, 2010
|Getting started ...|
1) Drive less
The best way to reduce fuel use is to drive less:
a) Live closer to work;
e) take public transit
2) Park and ride (bicycle)
If part of your commute is not biker friendly, travel to a point that is and then bike the rest of the way.
The "park and ride" concept can also be applied to carpooling and mixed private/public transit travel.
3) Attend a driving clinic
Hybrid owners groups are popping up in cities around the world - and non-hybrid owners are often welcome to attend regular meetings. Fuel efficient driving techniques are commonly discussed, and clinics are sometimes offered by experienced members.
4) Clean junk from your trunk
The additional weight you carry in your vehicle doesn't ride for free. It takes energy to move it around. Removing unnecessary stuff from your vehicle saves fuel.
5) Let the most efficient driver drive
More than one licenced driver in the vehicle? Let the most efficient driver drive! And take the opportunity to learn from his/her wisdom.
6) Join a fuel economy forum
Join an outstanding forum to learn ways to increase your fuel economy by talking to others who share your enthusiasm and goals.
7) Remove unused roof racks
If your vehicle come with a roof rack and you don't use it, remove it. Same holds true for bike racks. Doing so will reduce aerodynamic drag, resulting in better fuel economy.
8) Check tire inflation regularly
Make sure that your tire pressures are, at minimum, set to manufacturer specifications. The higher the pressure, the less rolling resistance.
Remember that pressure is affected by ambient temperature. As temperature drops, so does your tire pressure, so keep track as the seasons change.
9) Track your fuel consumption
One of the first steps in improving efficiency is tracking fuel consumption.
Get in the habit of saving all your fuel receipts, recording distance travelled and fuel economy (MPG). Keep a small notebook to record trip type and new techniques employed to monitor your progress.
While the slower pace of tank-to-tank feedback isn't ideal for feedback on driving technique, recording and montoring your "big picture" progress is great motivation.
See the Ecomodder Blog for more information on tracking fuel consumption.
10) Use a fuel consumption display
Feedback is absolutely critical to improving driving habits.
Tank-to-tank monitoring of your consumption is not good enough. You need instrumentation that lets you reset the readout at will so you can track individual trips, or even portions of trips you regularly travel.
Options for vehicles without factory installed fuel economy computers include the commercial ScanGauge and PLX Kiwi. Open source choices include the MPGuino and SuperMID. Even the venerable vacuum gauge can help you improve efficiency when driving with load / target driving.
Get information about fuel consumption displays on the efficiency mods list.
|Route selection and trip timing ...|
11) Take the road less traveled
Generally speaking, if you have the option of choosing lightly traveled roads over busier ones, you give yourself more flexibility to employ a wider range of fuel saving techniques than if you are surrounded by other vehicles.
You may even find that a somewhat longer, lightly traveled route may result in lower overall amount of fuel used than the shorter, busier route.
12) Leave early and don't rush
The enemy of efficient driving is finding yourself in a rush. Leave for your destination a little early so you don't feel pressure to drive faster, brake later and otherwise fall back into bad habits.
Driving efficiently can be much more relaxing than the typical person's driving style, but you need to allow a bit of extra time.
13) Crosswind barrier
Headwinds aren't the only winds that increase fuel consumption - cross winds can have a large negative effect as well. In crosswind conditions, choosing a route with a barrier (trees or buildings) along the edge will save fuel compared to a road in the open.
14) The 'corridor effect'
All else being equal, traveling at a constant speed on a freeway within a flow of traffic (in the same direction) is more efficient than going the same speed in isolation. The reason is aerodynamic: a flow of traffic generates a localized wind current in the direction of travel. You will benefit from this artificial breeze.
15) Note your transition points
If you regularly travel the same roads, make a conscious effort to note (memorize) the points along the way where transitions occur that maximize efficiency.
EG. memorize where you can initiate a coast to just make it to the next stop sign. Or note at what speed you can crest a hill so you're traveling just fast enough for the next transition after the descent.
16) Time your gas station trips
Plan to refuel your car during off-peak times to avoid lines and excessive idling.
17) Avoid drive-thrus
Avoid drive thru windows. They lead to excessive idling.
18) Lane of least resistance
In multi-lane traffic, choose the "lane of least resistance" to avoid unnecessary and unpredictable braking/changes in speed.
EG. avoid lanes where buses are starting and stopping, or cars may be braking unpredictably to turn into driveways/parking lot entrances.
19) Avoid stops at bottom of hills
Avoid roads with stops at the bottom of hills (which force you to brake and waste the kinetic energy you just gained going downhill).
20) Take advantage of the wind
If possible, time trips to take advantage of strong tailwinds. Avoid setting out into strong headwinds/crosswinds.
21) Choose smooth road surfaces
Choose a route with a smooth, paved/concrete surface over gravel or rough, broken roads, all else being equal. Smoother surfaces offer reduced rolling resistance.
22) Avoid bad weather
Avoid driving in inclement weather if possible, as rain/snow/slush can dramatically increase rolling resistance.
The exception to this rule may be when high winds (tailwinds) can be used to your advantage.
23) Avoid peak traffic
If you have the option, avoid travel during peak traffic times. With the roads full of other drivers, you have fewer options for using driving techniques that the herd doesn't typically use or tolerate (e.g. reduced highway speeds, drawn out coasting up to stop signs, etc).
24) Drive when it's warm out
If you have the flexibility, time your trips to coincide with warm temperatures (ie. middle of the day) rather than cold (night/early morning).
Cold tires and drivetrain experience more rolling and mechanical resistance, and a cold engine is less efficient.
25) Pick up cargo "high", deliver "low"
If possible, shop at stores that are higher in elevation than your home. That way the extra weight you pick up (shopping items) is on board for the descending return leg where it's less of a penalty than it would be on an ascending return leg.
|Sub/urban driving ...|
26) Conserve momentum: stop sign 'stop and crawl'
When multiple vehicles ahead of you are progressing through a stop sign (or a right turn at a red light), this represents a mini 'stop and crawl' situation normally found in a bumper to bumper traffic jam.
Time your approach, to arrive at the stop sign as the last car ahead is departing.
27) Conserve momentum: take a shortcut
Sometimes options exist to go through corner parking lots, side streets, or alleyways to get around having to come to a stop at an intersection or behind another vehicle.
Of course the utmost care must be taken in parking lots as they present their own risks (pedestrians, vehicles reversing from parking spots, etc.)
Also, cutting through corner parking lots may be illegal in some areas.
28) Combining errands: do the longest leg first
When combining multiple trips into one journey, go to your farthest destination first, and work your way back. This ensures the vehicle is warmed up as much as possible before subjecting it to multiple starts and stops.
29) Minimize idling when stopped
If you're going to be stopped for more than a few seconds, shift to neutral and shut off your engine. This is one of the main reasons hybrid vehicles get such good fuel economy in urban driving.
Caveat 1: this assumes your vehicle is in good tune and will re-start immediately, every time.
Caveat 2: if you're a defensive driver, you're habitually evaluating the risk of a rear crash when slowing and when stopped. Obviously you will want to leave your engine on in those circumstances (for a quick rear crash avoidance manoeuver).
30) Traffic light timing - stale 'green', no pedestrian signal
In the absense of any other indication about how stale the light is (eg. if there's no pedestrian signal or waiting cross traffic), assume that the green light ahead is about to change. Adjust your approach speed accordingly (IF traffic permits - ie. you don't hold anyone up) to avoid a full-on brake application should the light change.
31) Combine errands
Avoid very short trips. If you have multiple stops, plan them to do all on the same trip. Fuel economy is enhanced once the engine is warmed up, so a longer "chain" of errands will result in better fuel economy than multiple short ones, particularly in cold weather.
32) Traffic light timing - red lights with sensors
When approaching a red light, slow down early if there's a car in front of you that can trip the sensor so you may not have to come to a complete stop.
CleanMPG.com cleverly nicnamed this technique "rabbit timing"
33) Traffic light timing - 'stale' green
When approaching an intersection with a green light you can watch the pedestrian signal crossing light to help determine when it will turn yellow.
|Highway driving ...|
34) Lights on for safety; lights off for MPG
In certain driving environments / conditions, the use of daytime running lights (DRLs) or manually switching on headlights during the day increases safety.
Depending on the vehicle, power demands of the lighting system ranges from a few watts to well over 100 watts, all of which is ultimately powered by gasoline. In the US, where DRL implentation is voluntary, automakers have an exemption from CAFE testing which permits vehicles' fuel economy to be tested with the lights switched off.
Switching off DRLs where their safety contribution is minimal (eg. driving on a divided, controlled access highway) will save a small amount of fuel.
35) Find/adopt a 'blocker' for slower freeway speeds
Some people are uncomfortable driving at speeds less than the average flow of traffic on multi-lane freeways.
One solution is to find another vehicle going the speed you want to travel (large, conspicuous vehicles work particularly well) and drive either ahead of or behind it. (Note: this is not a suggestion to draft.)
36) Close the sunroof at higher speeds
Some sunroof styles are better than others. The worst offenders are the kind which tilt and slide to the outside, on top of the roof. When open, these "roof-top spoilers" can significantly increase aerodynamic drag.
37) Drafting: cross wind
In rare circumstances, it is possible to effectively "draft" a larger vehicle in cross wind conditions without following directly behind it. When cross wind conditions cause the low pressure area trailing the lead vehicle to extend into adjacent lanes, you can take advantage of reduced drag legally and with reduced risk.
Note: 1) this is not describing side-by-side driving, but postioning that is offset to the rear. 2) While visibility directly ahead is increased, a significant chunk of the driving picture may still be blocked depending on the size of the lead vehicle.
38) Drafting: close behind (not recommended!)
1) At highway speeds there's no doubt that driving close behind a large vehicle dramatically reduces fuel consumption. 2) It's a stupid thing to do.
It's not recommended for many reasons, not the least of which is that it's illegal in most areas, and doing so sacrifices the foundation of safe and defensive driving: your ability to see well ahead.
39) Windows up
Drive with windows up at higher speeds to minimize aerodynamic drag. Use flow-through ventilation if possible.
40) Reduce speed
Aerodynamic drag increases exponentially with speed, so reduce highway cruising speed as much as practical and safe.
Generally, a vehicle's most efficient speed is just after its highest gear has engaged.
See the Ecomodder Blog for more information on tracking fuel consumption.
41) Constant throttle position cruising
Once up to speed, pick a throttle position and hold it.
Advantages: more efficient than using the cruise control (which varies throttle position frequently and wastes fuel on hills).
Disadvantages: less efficient than "driving with load" (DWL) / "target driving" (where the throttle is eased on inclines).
42) Cruise control - when to use it
Set the cruise control if you're the type of driver whose speed creeps up higher and higher the longer you're on the road, or if you have difficulty holding a steady speed (it wanders up and down).
But realize that cruise control is just a band aid for those behaviours. Generally it's less efficient than constant throttle driving, and much less efficient than "driving with load" / "target driving".
43) Cruise control - when not to use it
Only use cruise control on flat roads. On hilly roads, cruise responds to changes in grade - by feeding in more throttle on the uphill and releasing on the descent - in the exact opposite way an efficient driver would.
|Braking tips ...|
44) The most efficient way to slow down
When you *have* to slow down, here's an approximate heirarchy of methods, from best to worst.
1) coasting in neutral, engine off (ie. roll to a stop);
2) coasting in neutral, engine idling;
3) regenerative coasting (hybrid vehicles)
4) regenerative braking (hybrid vehicles)
5) coasting in "deceleration fuel cut-off" mode (in gear, above a certain engine RPM)
6) conventional friction braking (non-hybrid or hybrid)
Choosing the right method depends on traffic conditions (following vehicles) and how quickly you need to stop.
45) Conserve momentum: avoid stopping
Avoid coming to a complete stop whenever possible (and when safe and legal of course). It takes much less energy to accelerate a vehicle when it's already traveling just a few kilometers per hour than it does from a complete stop.
46) Hybrids: minimize regen braking
While regenerative braking in hybrid vehicles - capturing braking energy into the battery - is more efficient than braking with conventional friction brakes, it's still not as efficient as 'driving without brakes' (DWB).
So even if you drive a hybrid, you'll get better economy when you minimize use of the brake pedal.
47) "Drive without brakes" (DWB)
Minimize use of the brake pedal. Each time you press it, you're effectively converting gasoline into brake dust and heat.
Driving as if you have no brakes will cause you to do two things: 1) reduces 'excessive' acceleration, and, 2) extends the amount of time you spend coasting down to stops and turns.
Obviously you have to balance use of this technique against traffic conditions so as not to adversely affect other drivers.
See the Ecomodder Blog for more information on DWB.
|Advanced techniques ...|
48) Drive shoeless
Some hardcore hypermilers drive in sock or bare feet so they can modulate the accelerator to the finest degree (particularly important when "driving with load" / "target MPG driving" at cruise.
It shouldn't be that surprising. Race car drivers typically wear extremely thin-sole boots for similar reasons: for the highest level of tactile feedback from the vehicle, and to better finesse the pedals.
49) Conserve momentum: brake hard
It sounds like a contradiction, but there are rare times when braking hard can save fuel compared to coasting or light braking: it's a "damage control" technique when faced with an unpredictable/unanticipated stop or slow down ahead and not a lot of space.
An example: approaching a fresh red traffic light that had no other indicators to predict the change (no pedestrian signal and no cars waiting on the cross street). If you brake lightly/moderately, you will cover the entire distance to the intersection and have no option but coming to a full stop.
But if you brake quite hard initially, you can potentially scrub enough speed and buy enough time to coast the remaining distance to the intersection at a low speed. With judgment and some luck, you'll arrive at a fresh green light and avoid a full stop.
Obviously, rapid deceleration isn't a safe option if there is following traffic.
50) Make fuel economy a game/challenge
Competing against yourself (or others) to get the best possible fuel economy can do wonders for increasing motivation to learn more, refine your skills, and try harder.
Several web sites like EcoModder.com permit you to track and compare your fuel economy against other drivers, and some organize informal fuel economy challenges.
Hybrid festivals (e.g. hybridfest.com, greengrandprix.com) periodically run fuel efficiency rallies where you can hone your skills in competition with others in real time.
51) Use the 'racing line'
Knowing how to pick the "racing line" through a corner, when safe, can help to preserve momentum. Generally, the racing line is the path through a turn with the largest possible radius. It may permit a higher speed with more comfort (less body roll and g-forces), and less tire scrub.
Note this isn't advocating high speed turns, where the cost of increased tire wear may outstrip fuel savings. Even at low speeds, choosing the "racing line" has benefits.
52) Encourage a pass: the fake turn
Drivers who travel below the normal flow of traffic should facilitate drivers approaching from behind to go past safely, with a minimum of interruption.
"Faking" a turn by signalling and moving into a turning lane (even though you intend to continue straight on) is one option.
Note: judgment and care is demanded so you don't mislead any driver into making an unwanted move as a result of your "miscommunication". You must be prepared to actually make the turn if your actions create a situation that would make it the safest option.
53) Encourage a pass: hug right
Drivers who travel below the normal flow of traffic should facilitate drivers approaching from behind to go past, rather than force them to slow down.
One method of gaining the attention of the driver behind is to move your vehicle very obviously to the extreme right of the lane you're traveling in when it's safe for the following vehicle to pass.
Adding a turn signal to the move or the 4-way flashers may be even more effective.
Of course, pulling completely off the roadway onto the shoulder to let following traffic by is also worthwhile, if you have the option.
54) Hill tactic: don't waste potential energy
When facing a red traffic light, or some other predictable stop/start situation at the bottom of a hill, you're better off stopping near the top before you've accelerated to full speed. Wait, and time your release to make it through on green, and you avoid turning your potential energy into brake dust and heat. (Also known as 'smart braking'.)
55) Engine off coasting
Engine-off coasting (EOC) is one of the largest contributors to increased efficiency of hybrid vehicles, many of which automatically shut down the engine when the accelerator is released and the vehicle is coasting.
EOC can be accomplished in non-hybrids as well simply by shifting to neutral and switching the key from "Run" to "Acc" (being careful not to switch to "Off" and cause the steering to lock). As soon as the engine stops, return the key to the "Run" position or else you will be in danger of locking out your steering and crashing. Also be careful to not steer at all while the key is off to prevent a lock up.
This technique is best suited to cars with manual steering and manual transmissions. (Dramatically increased steering effort may be required in some cars with power assist. Also, most vehicles with automatic transmissions are not designed to travel with the engine shut off; the transmission may be damaged).
In non-hybrids, EOC is considered an advanced technique and should not be attempted until the skill developed away from traffic. In addition, coasting with the engine off is illegal in some areas.
The best way to EOC is with a kill switch that shuts off the engine without removing the key, thereby eliminating the dangers of locking the steering wheel.
56) Drive with load (DWL)
AKA "target driving". Put most simply, this technique is accomplished by choosing a "target" rate of fuel consumption and ensuring you don't fall below it on hills (or in very strong winds, or any conditions which cause load to vary for a given speed).
In other words, you will back off the accelerator and lose speed (possibly also downshifting) as you climb, and gain that speed back on the descent.
It's far more efficient than pressing the accelerator more and more to maintain speed on the way up a hill and then releasing it down the other side.
DWL is how an efficiency minded person can greatly outperform cruise control in hilly terrain.
Obviously the ability to use this technique without adversely affecting other drivers depends on the traffic situation.
As well, fuel economy instrumentation is required to DWL/target drive to the maximum extent, though it can also be done using a vacuum gauge, and to a much lesser extent by the seat of the pants.
57) Heavy traffic: play the accordion
If faced with worst-case "stop & crawl" traffic conditions, leave as much space ahead of you as possible and continually "accordion" that space to keep your vehicle moving near a constant speed while the cars in front of you stop & start.
Yes, some people will cut into the space you create ahead of you. Deal with it.
Note that this may aggravate following drivers who can't absorb the big picture, and that must be taken into account.
58) Pulse and glide (P&G)
Use pulse and glide (or "burn and coast") rather than maintaining a constant speed, where practical.
Pulse and glide explained
59) Push it - 1
If you only have to move your car a very short distance - eg. out of the garage - consider rolling it rather than starting it up to move it.
60) Push it - 2
If you're starting out on an incline, give your car a shove to get it rolling as far as possible before starting the engine.
|Parking (and departing) ...|
61) Start up: wait for the opportunity to move
Don't start the engine until there's actually an opportunity to start driving: eg. a gap in traffic when exiting a driveway or parking space.
You can plan even further ahead: don't turn the key until you know you can time the next traffic light down the street.
62) Parking tactics: orbit to bleed momentum
If you find you have too much momentum after reaching your preferred parking spot, continue coasting further down the row or "orbiting" a spot until you can roll to a stop in position without touching the brakes.
(The extent to which you might continue 'orbiting' depends on whether your engine is on/off and whether you're driving a manual or automatic. Also, it depends on traffic in the lot, obviously.)
63) Parking tactics: gravity assist
Slopes can be useful in manoeuvering into a parking place. One which I regularly back into (it can't be driven through) has a small slope across from it. I kill the engine approaching the slope, and engine-off coast backwards into the spot.
Gravity can be a hindrance in parking as well. Avoid driving down into a parking "hole" which you must drive out of later. Even if you EOC into the hole, you'll face a net efficiency loss when you drive your cold vehicle up and out later.
64) Parking tactics: avoid parallel parking
For on-street parking, the better spot is one with enough room to pull in/out rather than multiple reverse/forward manoeuvering (parallel parking).
65) Parking tactics: reverse in
If you have no pull-through spots to choose from, reverse in when arriving, instead of driving in when warm and backing out/turning around when the vehicle is cold and fuel economy is at its worst.
Also note that reversing into a flow of traffic is riskier (and therefore much slower and less efficient) because you may not have a clear view until your vehicle's back end is well out of the space.
66) Parking tactics: pick the periphery
Choosing a spot in the "periphery" of a busy lot will be more efficient than navigating the rows of traffic/pedestrians to get as close as possible to the building or destination.
67) Parking tactics: pull-through spot
Drive into a "pull through" spot, rather than a spot that requires reverse/forward manoeuvering.
68) Start up: not until you're adjusted
Don't start the vehicle until you're settled in: seat, seatbelt & mirrors adjusted; passengers settled in as well.
69) Multiple vehicles: choose the one that's warmed up
In a multi-vehicle household, if you have the choice of using similar vehicles, choose the one that was driven most recently if it's still warm.
70) Multiple vehicles: choose the most efficient one in the 'fleet'
If you have a multi-vehicle household or workplace, choose the most efficient vehicle from the fleet that will accomplish the task at hand.
71) When changing direction, use brakes rather than engine
When going from reverse to a forward gear (or vice versa), don't use the engine to stop the vehicle after the gear change, use the brake.
|Transmission tips ...|
72) Automatic transmission: key off, then Park
Save a few drops of fuel by modifying your shutdown procedure: when parking, turn off the key *before* shifting to Park and setting the parking brake.
73) Manual transmission: cruise in high gear
When cruising at a constant speed, shift to the highest gear you can use without lugging the engine.
74) Automatic transmission: highest gear/lowest RPM for posted speed
When cruising, drive the the speed that allows the lowest RPM for the speed zone you are in.
EG. if the posted speed is 30 and your car shifts into 3rd at 35, you may be able to achieve the 3rd gear shift, then reduce and hold 30 without causing a downshift.
75) Automatic transmission: torque converter (TC) lockup
Drive at the speed that allows the TC (torque converter) to lock up. This is often around 40-45 mph. Speeds just above this typically return the higest cruising fuel economy.
76) Automatic transmission: neutral when stopped
Shift automatic transmissions to neutral when stopped (assuming you're going to leave the engine running). Remaining in drive wastes fuel as the engine continues to try to creep the car forward while being held back by the brakes.
77) Automatic transmission: upshift coaxing
Some automatic transmissions can be coaxed to upshift sooner when accelerating by briefly releasing some throttle pressure, then re-applying to continue accelerating.
78) Automatic transmission: use OD (overdrive)
If your transmission has an "OD" (overdrive) button or position, leave it engaged to ensure the transmission will shift into its highest gear as soon as possible.
79) Automatic transmission: use economy mode
If your automatic transmission has a "power/economy" button, leave it in economy mode. This usually results in earlier upshifts and later downshifts, saving fuel.
|Winter / foul weather ...|
80) Wait for the snow plow
Driving through fresh snow increases rolling resistance moderately to dramatically, depending on the depth/type of snow. Better fuel economy will result when you wait for the plows (or for other vehicles to pack the snow down) before setting out.
Similarly, getting stranded in a ditch or snow drift because you set out in bad weather is a surefire way to waste fuel if you need to idle the car to stay warm while waiting for help.
81) Winter: avoid wheel spin on ice/snow
If you drive in ice/snow, avoid wheelspin when traction is low. Changing to dedicated snow/ice tires that offer better traction may save fuel.
Wheelspin is especially inefficient if your vehicle is equipped with brake assisted traction control.
82) Follow the leader in rain or snow
In weather conditions that leave a lot of precipitation on the road - heavy rain or snow - drive in the tiretracks of the vehicle in front to reduce rolling resistance.
An exception to this tip may be on "rutted" surfaces where water tends to pool in the ruts. In that case, driving on the ridges between the ruts offers less resistance.
83) Winter: clean off snow & ice
Completely clear snow & ice off your vehicle before driving. It will minimize your use of energy hungry accessories (defrosters), remove an aerodynamic penalty (increased frontal area), and reduce weight (a layer of ice and snow over an entire vehicle can weigh a surprising amount).
84) Winter parking: clean out the garage
If you have one, clean out your garage so you can park your car inside during the cold months of the year. The faster warm up will return better fuel economy.
85) Winter: use heated parking
If you've got the choice, heated parking will improve fuel economy. The potential downside is that it may increase the rate of corrosion if you drive where roads are salted.
86) Avoid heater use until the engine has reached operating temperature
Engines runs rich until a minimum temperature threshold is reached. Running the heater blower before that has happened will slightly increase warm-up time and increase fuel consumption.
87) Avoid 'warm up' idling
Don't idle your engine to warm it on a cold day. An idling engine gets zero miles per gallon.
Start to drive - under light loads - as soon as the engine is running smoothly (usually immediately). It's a more efficient way to warm the engine and entire drivetrain, including tires.
|Hot weather ...|
88) Cycle the A/C if you have to use it
If you have to use the air conditioner, set the air flow to recirculate and manually turn the A/C on and off as needed. For greater efficiency, switch it on when under light engine loads or deceleration fuel cut off and off when under moderate/heavy loads. (Note: some newer vehicles do this automatically.)
89) Summer: park in the shade
Parking in the shade will keep the inside of your vehicle cooler, which can help you minimize use of air conditioning.
90) Use a beaded seat cover
They work surprisingly well as an alternative to (or defer the use of) air conditioning, by letting air flow behind & beneath you. They keep you from sticking to your seat, and your clothes from sticking to you.
Other non-A/C options include ice vests and DIY ice water A/C units.
91) Minimize air conditioning use
Air conditioning requires a lot of power. Use it sparingly.
Driving at city speeds, you'll save fuel by using your flow through vents and opening windows.
At highway speeds, whether A/C is more or less efficient than opening windows will depend on the speed, your vehicle's aerodynamics and A/C design.
92) Trip timing: avoid the hottest times of day to reduce A/C use
If you live where the weather is very hot, avoid driving if possible during the peak temperatures of the day when use of the air conditioner is "required."
|Just generally good driving tips ...|
93) Maintain a space cushion
When driving on a multi-lane roadway, try to maintain a "space cushion" around you.
IE. avoid driving for any length of time beside a vehicle in the next lane. The more options you leave open for making a prompt lane change if one is needed, the safer and more efficient you'll be (if it means avoiding an unnecessary slowdown).
94) Maintain appropriate following distance
Avoid driving so close behind another vehicle that you are forced to *immediately* brake if it begins slowing down. Important at all times, but particularly in sub/urban driving where traffic changes speed more often.
Leave enough space that you have time to choose other options (perhaps a lane change).
In addition, the greater your following distance, the better your forward visibility will be, which enables you to look well ahead and anticipate changes in the driving environment.
95) Be smooth
Smooth use of the accelerator, steering, transmission and brakes is not only more comfortable for you and your passengers, it's also a little more efficient (less scrubbing of tires, energy lost through suspension movement). It's also better for the longevity of the vehicle and in general a sign of a skilled driver.
96) Use your horn defensively
Defensive drivers will tap their horns to ensure they have the attention of other motorists or pedestrians in close quarters and potentially risky situations.
Being proactive will save fuel if it means you can avoid having to brake or stop unnecessarily.
97) Look well ahead & anticipate
Your ability to drive efficiently depends on being able to anticipate changes in the driving environment. The way to do this is by constantly scanning well ahead in your intended path.
In city driving you should know what's happening at least 10-15 seconds ahead. On the freeway, at least 30 seconds visual lead time is appropriate.
98) Drive the posted speed
Drive the posted speed limit or the minimum allowed, when safe to do so.
99) Don't keep up with the Joneses
It easy to be competitive when driving. Resist knee-jerk retaliation to other drivers' aggressive actions. Don't let other drivers lead you astray from your driving style.
100) Minimize use of low range
Many 4 wheel drive / AWD vehicles also come with high and low transmission ranges. Low range increases engine RPM and fuel consumption for a given gear/road speed combination compared to high.
101) Minimize use of 4 wheel drive
The added friction of drive components in four wheel drive mode increases fuel consumption, especially when the center differential is locked and the vehicle is turning.
102) If you have to carry items outside the vehicle...
Carry them on the back of the vehicle, instead of on the roof. Long, skinny items can even be carried beneath some vehicles (with ample ground clearance).
This is more important the faster and further you intend to go.
103) Minimize accessory loads
Minimize use of electrical and mechanical accessory loads when safe and/or practical (lights, defrost, blower, electric heated seats, dvd players/screens, heated mirrors, etc).
104) Use a block heater
Pre-warm your engine with an electric block heater. Engines are most efficient at full operating temperature, and the block heater helps it get there sooner. About 2 hours is the maximum time needed to pre-warm a small engine.
105) Drive like you ride a bike
For you cyclists looking for a way to wrap your head around the subject of efficient motoring: drive like you bike.
Meaning, if you think about spending energy as wisely in your car as you do when you ride, you should automatically become aware of several of the major tips on this list, such as:
a) Ensuring your tires are properly inflated & vehicle is in good mechanical condition, for reduced rolling & mechanical resistance.
b) Smart braking: you'll spend more distance coasting up to stops (you don't pedal madly towards stop signs and then jam on the binders, do you?)
c) You'll "drive with load" on hills (you don't usually power up hills trying to maintain your previous cruising speed, do you?)
d) You'll reduce speed (because cyclists are highly attuned to the relationship between aerodynamic drag and the energy consumed to travel at high speed).
106) Avoid towing
Trailer towing delivers the triple whammy of increased weight, higher aerodynamic drag, and a third (or fourth) set of tires for more rolling resistance.
Carry loads in the vehicle if possible.
If not, minimize towing speeds and adjust your technique to account for the extra momentum the trailer and its load will add.
107) Listen to slower music
Leave the speed metal at home. Fast paced music can make a driver more impatient, more agressive and likely to speed. At the same time, slower paced music is more relaxing and tends to promote a more sensible driving style while also reducing stress.
108) Use E-Z Pass (or similar) if you commute on toll roads/bridges
Especially handy for high-speed toll passes, because it avoids the slow down and acceleration back up to speed.
Generally useful anywhere it will help you avoid the stop-and-go/idling in lines approaching the tool booth.